WARNING: Wax is inflammable and must not be melted over direct heat, so when melting wax it is always necessary to use a double saucepan or tin/basin in a saucepan of water. Never overheat wax. For mixing, remove from heat.

Application: Ensure wood surface is clean. Apply polish sparingly with a clean dry cloth to small areas at a time. Buff with clean cloth between applications.

 

Paste Polish: is a simple blend of wax with a suitable solvent. The traditional solvent is pure turpentine. This can be replaced by turps substitute or white spirit if cost is a factor. A half and half mixture gives the best of both worlds.

Melt 4oz. of beeswax in a double pan to no more than 70C /160F. Pour ½ pint of warmed solvent into wax and stir thoroughly. Pour into prepared containers. Leave to set before adding lids. The addition of Carnauba wax (obtainable from bee equipment suppliers) will eliminate any tackiness and reduce the amount of "elbow grease" required when buffing.

Ingredients are ½oz. carnauba wax, 4½oz. beeswax, and 1-pint solvent. Method as before. Vary amount of solvent to achieve preferred consistency.

 

Emulsion Polish: An emulsion is a mixture of two liquids (wax phase and water phase) that don’t normally mix. Emulsions clean and polish in one operation and are easy to apply.

Wax phase: Melt 4½oz. of beeswax in double pan and then add 1 pint of solvent. Raise temperature to about 80C/180F.

Water phase: In pan with pouring lip dissolve ½oz. of soap flakes by pouring 1 pint of hot water over. Adjust temperature to 80C/180F.

Remove from heat. Begin to stir wax phase . Use a hand-whisk gently at slow speed using only one paddle. Very slowly pour water phase into wax. Continue stirring for several minutes after a good emulsion forms. Using a funnel pour into warmed bottles or jars.